Poznámky uživatele Ubuntu Linuxu

Ubuntu - Linux pro lidi

Návody Ubuntu - informace o hardware


Tip Na stránce kmuto.jp/debian/hcl je on-line test vašeho hardwaru, kde se dozvíte jestli je zařízení v Linuxu funkční. Využívá info z příkazu lspci -n
  1. PROCESOR
  2. HARDDISKY, CDROM, ATD.:
  3. HARDDISK -PRIMARY_MASTER
  4. Údaje o DVD mechanice
  5. Obsazení harddisků
  6. Obsazení paměti
  7. ZAŘÍZENÍ NA PCI ZBĚRNICI
  8. Zařízení připojeno na USB
  9. Jaké moduly potřebujeme mít nahrané pro právě připojené zařízení v USB
  10. Informace z pomocí programu "hwinfo"
  11. Další nástroj se jmenuje "lshw" (grafický fronted je - lshw-gtk)
  12. Informace o BIOSU pomocí nástroje "dmidecode", který taky poskytuje "biosdecode"
  13. Pro test paměti je v Ubuntu výborný nástroj "memtest86+" dostupný z nabídky v Grub-u a přímo v konzoli lze použít pro rychlý orientační test nástroj "memtester"

  1. PROCESOR

$ cat /proc/cpuinfo
processor : 0
vendor_id : AuthenticAMD
cpu family : 15
model : 8
model name : Mobile AMD Sempron(tm) Processor 3000+
stepping : 2
cpu MHz : 800.708
cache size : 128 KB
fdiv_bug : no
hlt_bug : no
f00f_bug : no
coma_bug : no
fpu : yes
fpu_exception : yes
cpuid level : 1
wp : yes
flags : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush mmx fxsr sse sse2 syscall nx mmxext 3dnowext 3dnow
bogomips : 1583.78
nahoru

  1. HARDDISKY, CDROM, ATD.: 

$ sudo dmesg | grep hd[a-z]
[4294672.665000] ide0: BM-DMA at 0x1c80-0x1c87, BIOS settings: hda:DMA, hdb:pio
[4294672.665000] ide1: BM-DMA at 0x1c88-0x1c8f, BIOS settings: hdc:DMA, hdd:pio
[4294673.049000] hda: IC25N060ATMR04-0, ATA DISK drive
[4294674.453000] hdc: Slimtype DVDRW SOSW-852S, ATAPI CD/DVD-ROM drive
[4294677.117000] hda: max request size: 1024KiB
[4294677.137000] hda: 117210240 sectors (60011 MB) w/7884KiB Cache, CHS=16383/255/63, UDMA(100)
[4294677.137000] hda: cache flushes supported
[4294677.257000] hdc: ATAPI 24X DVD-ROM DVD-R CD-R/RW drive, 2048kB Cache
[4294686.505000] Adding 738948k swap on /dev/hda9. Priority:-1 extents:1
[4294686.813000] EXT3 FS on hda7, internal journal
nahoru
  1. HARDDISK -PRIMARY_MASTER
$ sudo hdparm -I /dev/hda

/dev/hda:

ATA device, with non-removable media
Model Number: IC25N060ATMR04-0
Serial Number: MRA301KEHHVMHH
Firmware Revision: MO3OAD4A
Standards:
Used: ATA/ATAPI-6 T13 1410D revision 3a
Supported: 6 5 4 3
Configuration:
Logical max current
cylinders 16383 65535
heads 16 1
sectors/track 63 63
--
CHS current addressable sectors: 4128705
LBA user addressable sectors: 117210240
LBA48 user addressable sectors: 117210240
device size with M = 1024*1024: 57231 MBytes
device size with M = 1000*1000: 60011 MBytes (60 GB)
Capabilities:
LBA, IORDY(can be disabled)
bytes avail on r/w long: 4 Queue depth: 1
Standby timer values: spec'd by Vendor, no device specific minimum
R/W multiple sector transfer: Max = 16 Current = 0
Advanced power management level: 128 (0x80)
Recommended acoustic management value: 128, current value: 254
DMA: mdma0 mdma1 mdma2 udma0 udma1 udma2 udma3 udma4 *udma5
Cycle time: min=120ns recommended=120ns
PIO: pio0 pio1 pio2 pio3 pio4
Cycle time: no flow control=240ns IORDY flow control=120ns
Commands/features:
Enabled Supported:
* NOP cmd
* READ BUFFER cmd
* WRITE BUFFER cmd
* Host Protected Area feature set
* Look-ahead
* Write cache
* Power Management feature set
Security Mode feature set
* SMART feature set
* FLUSH CACHE EXT command
* Mandatory FLUSH CACHE command
* Device Configuration Overlay feature set
* 48-bit Address feature set
Automatic Acoustic Management feature set
* SET MAX security extension
Address Offset Reserved Area Boot
* SET FEATURES subcommand required to spinup after power up
Power-Up In Standby feature set
* Advanced Power Management feature set
* General Purpose Logging feature set
* SMART self-test
* SMART error logging
Security:
Master password revision code = 65534
supported
not enabled
not locked
frozen
not expired: security count
not supported: enhanced erase
50min for SECURITY ERASE UNIT.
HW reset results:
CBLID- above Vih
Device num = 0 determined by the jumper
nahoru
  1. Údaje o DVD mechanice

sudo hdparm -I /dev/hdc

/dev/hdc:

ATAPI CD-ROM, with removable media
Model Number: Slimtype DVDRW SOSW-852S
Serial Number:
Firmware Revision: PRS9
Standards:
Supported: CD-ROM ATAPI-2
Configuration:
DRQ response: 50us.
Packet size: 12 bytes
Capabilities:
LBA, IORDY(cannot be disabled)
DMA: mdma0 mdma1 mdma2 udma0 udma1 *udma2
Cycle time: min=120ns recommended=120ns
PIO: pio0 pio1 pio2 pio3 pio4
Cycle time: no flow control=227ns IORDY flow control=120ns
nahoru
  1. Obsazení harddisků

~$ df -h
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/hda7 6,7G 3,8G 2,6G 60% /
tmpfs 252M 0 252M 0% /dev/shm
tmpfs 252M 13M 240M 5% /lib/modules/2.6.12-10-386/volatile
/dev/hda5 19G 11G 8,5G 55% /media/win_d
/dev/hda2 15G 7,8G 6,9G 54% /media/win_c
/dev/hda8 6,1G 5,5G 291M 96% /media/ubuntu_z
/dev/hda6 6,8G 2,7G 3,9G 41% /media/mdk


jablko@ubuntu:~$ df -ha
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/hda7 6,7G 3,8G 2,6G 60% /
proc 0 0 0 - /proc
sysfs 0 0 0 - /sys
devpts 0 0 0 - /dev/pts
tmpfs 252M 0 252M 0% /dev/shm
usbfs 0 0 0 - /proc/bus/usb
tmpfs 252M 13M 240M 5% /lib/modules/2.6.12-10-386/volatile
/dev/hda5 19G 11G 8,5G 55% /media/win_d
tmpfs 0 0 0 - /dev
/dev/hda2 15G 7,8G 6,9G 54% /media/win_c
/dev/hda8 6,1G 5,5G 291M 96% /media/ubuntu_z
/dev/hda6 6,8G 2,7G 3,9G 41% /media/mdk
nahoru
  1. Obsazení paměti

jablko@ubuntu:~$ free
total used free shared buffers cached
Mem: 515984 471900 44084 0 24028 244808
-/+ buffers/cache: 203064 312920
Swap: 738948 0 738948


jablko@ubuntu:~$ free -m
total used free shared buffers cached
Mem: 503 460 43 0 23 239
-/+ buffers/cache: 198 305
Swap: 721 0 721


jablko@ubuntu:~$ free -mt
total used free shared buffers cached
Mem: 503 460 43 0 23 239
-/+ buffers/cache: 198 305
Swap: 721 0 721
Total: 1225 460 764
nahoru

  1. ZAŘÍZENÍ NA PCI ZBĚRNICI ( lspci -vv = více info)

jablko@ubuntu:~$ lspci
0000:00:00.0 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc.: Unknown device 0204
0000:00:00.1 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc.: Unknown device 1204
0000:00:00.2 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc.: Unknown device 2204
0000:00:00.3 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc.: Unknown device 3204
0000:00:00.4 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc.: Unknown device 4204
0000:00:00.7 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc.: Unknown device 7204
0000:00:01.0 PCI bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8237 PCI bridge [K8T800 South]
0000:00:0a.0 Ethernet controller: Linksys, A Division of Cisco Systems [AirConn] INPROCOMM IPN 2220 Wireless LAN Adapter (rev 01)
0000:00:0b.0 CardBus bridge: Texas Instruments PCI7420 CardBus Controller
0000:00:0b.1 CardBus bridge: Texas Instruments PCI7420 CardBus Controller
0000:00:0b.2 FireWire (IEEE 1394): Texas Instruments PCI7x20 1394a-2000 OHCI Two-Port PHY/Link-Layer Controller
0000:00:10.0 USB Controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (rev 80)
0000:00:10.1 USB Controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (rev 80)
0000:00:10.2 USB Controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (rev 80)
0000:00:10.3 USB Controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. USB 2.0 (rev 82)
0000:00:11.0 ISA bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8235 ISA Bridge
0000:00:11.1 IDE interface: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82C586A/B/VT82C686/A/B/VT823x/A/C PIPC Bus Master IDE (rev 06)
0000:00:11.5 Multimedia audio controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8233/A/8235/8237 AC97 Audio Controller (rev 50)
0000:00:11.6 Communication controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. Intel 537 [AC97 Modem] (rev 80)
0000:00:12.0 Ethernet controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT6102 [Rhine-II] (rev 74)
0000:00:18.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 NorthBridge
0000:00:18.1 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 NorthBridge
0000:00:18.2 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 NorthBridge
0000:00:18.3 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 NorthBridge
0000:01:00.0 VGA compatible controller: nVidia Corporation NV34M [GeForce FX Go 5200] (rev a1)


jablko@ubuntu:~$ lspci -vv
0000:00:00.0 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc.: Unknown device 0204
Subsystem: Acer Incorporated [ALI]: Unknown device 006e
Control: I/O- Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz+ UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-

SERR- 8="" region="" 0="" memory="" at=""
d0000000="" (32-bit="" prefetchable=""
[size="256M]" capabilities="">
to="" root="">

0000:00:00.1 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc.: Unknown device 1204
Control: I/O- Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap- 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
="">SERR- 0000:00:00.2="" host="" bridge="" via=""
technologies="" inc="" unknown="" device=""
2204="" control="" i/o="" mem=""
busmaster="" speccycle="" memwinv="" vgasnoop=""
stepping="" serr="" status="" cap=""
66mhz="" udf="" fastb2b="" parerr=""
devsel="medium">TAbort- SERR- latency="" 0="" 0000:00:00.3="" host=""
bridge="" via="" technologies="" inc=""
unknown="" device="" 3204="" control=""
i/o="" mem="" busmaster="" speccycle=""
memwinv="" vgasnoop="" stepping="" serr=""
status="" cap="" 66mhz="" udf="" fastb2b=""
parerr="" devsel="medium">TAbort- SERR- latency="" 0="" 0000:00:00.4="" host=""
bridge="" via="" technologies="" inc=""
unknown="" device="" 4204="" control=""
i/o="" mem="" busmaster="" speccycle=""
memwinv="" vgasnoop="" stepping="" serr=""
status="" cap="" 66mhz="" udf="" fastb2b=""
parerr="" devsel="medium">TAbort- SERR- latency="" 0="" 0000:00:00.7="" host=""
bridge="" via="" technologies="" inc=""
unknown="" device="" 7204="" control=""
i/o="" mem="" busmaster="" speccycle=""
memwinv="" vgasnoop="" stepping="" serr=""
status="" cap="" 66mhz="" udf="" fastb2b=""
parerr="" devsel="medium">TAbort- SERR- latency="" 0="" 0000:00:01.0="" via=""
technologies="" inc="" vt8237="" pci=""
bridge="" [k8t800="" south="" (prog-if=""
00="" [normal="" decode="" control=""
i/o="" mem="" busmaster="" speccycle=""
memwinv="" vgasnoop="" stepping="" serr=""
status="" cap="" 66mhz="" udf="" fastb2b=""
parerr="" devsel="medium">TAbort- SERR-
latency="" 0="" bus="" primary="00,"
secondary="01," subordinate="01," sec-latency="0"
c1000000-c1ffffff="" prefetchable="" memory=""
behind="" bridge="" e0000000-efffffff=""
bridgectl="" parity="" serr="" noisa=""
vga="" mabort="">Reset- FastB2B-
Capabilities:
only="" to="" root="">

0000:00:0a.0 Ethernet controller: Linksys, A Division of Cisco Systems [AirConn] INPROCOMM IPN 2220 Wireless LAN Adapter (rev 01)
Subsystem: AMBIT Microsystem Corp.: Unknown device 0305
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle+ MemWINV+ VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B+ ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort- SERR- (8000ns="" min="" 8000ns="" max=""
interrupt="" pin="" a="" routed="" to=""
irq="" 21="" 0="" i/o="" ports=""
1c00="" 1="" c0006000="" region="" 2=""
memory="" at="" c0005000="" (32-bit=""
non-prefetchable="" [size="32]" capabilities="">
only="" to="" root="">

0000:00:0b.0 CardBus bridge: Texas Instruments PCI7420 CardBus Controller
Subsystem: Acer Incorporated [ALI]: Unknown device 006e
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
SERR- cache="" line="" size="" 0x20="" (128=""
bytes="" interrupt="" pin="" a="" routed=""
to="" irq="" 17="" region="" at=""
20000000="" (32-bit="" non-prefetchable=""
[size="4K]" bus="" primary="00," secondary="02,"
subordinate="05," sec-latency="176" 20400000-207ff000=""
(prefetchable="" memory="" 20800000-20bff000=""
0="" 00004400-000044ff="" i/o="" window=""
1="" 00004800-000048ff="" bridgectl="" parity=""
serr="" isa="" vga="" mabort="">Reset+ 16bInt+ PostWrite+
16-bit legacy interface ports at 0001

0000:00:0b.1 CardBus bridge: Texas Instruments PCI7420 CardBus Controller
Subsystem: Acer Incorporated [ALI]: Unknown device 006e
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
SERR-
cache="" line="" size="" 0x20="" (128=""
bytes="" interrupt="" pin="" b="" routed=""
to="" irq="" 18="" region="" at=""
20001000="" (32-bit="" non-prefetchable=""
[size="4K]" bus="" primary="00," secondary="06,"
subordinate="09," sec-latency="176" 20c00000-20fff000=""
(prefetchable="" memory="" 21000000-213ff000=""
0="" 00004c00-00004cff="" i/o="" window=""
1="" 00005000-000050ff="" bridgectl="" parity=""
serr="" isa="" vga="" mabort="">Reset+ 16bInt+ PostWrite+
16-bit legacy interface ports at 0001

0000:00:0b.2 FireWire (IEEE 1394): Texas Instruments PCI7x20 1394a-2000 OHCI Two-Port PHY/Link-Layer Controller (prog-if 10 [OHCI])
Subsystem: Acer Incorporated [ALI]: Unknown device 006e
Control: I/O- Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV+ VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
SERR- (500ns="" min="" 1000ns="" max="" cache=""
line="" size="" 0x10="" (64="" bytes=""
interrupt="" pin="" c="" routed="" to=""
irq="" 19="" 0="" c0005800="" region=""
1="" memory="" at="" c0000000="" (32-bit=""
non-prefetchable="" [size="2K]" capabilities="">
only="" to="" root="">

0000:00:10.0 USB Controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (rev 80) (prog-if 00 [UHCI])
Subsystem: Acer Incorporated [ALI]: Unknown device 006e
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV+ VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort- SERR-
cache="" line="" size="" 0x10="" (64=""
bytes="" interrupt="" pin="" a="" routed=""
to="" irq="" 21="" region="" 4=""
i/o="" ports="" at="" 1c20="" [size="32]"
capabilities="">
root="">

0000:00:10.1 USB Controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (rev 80) (prog-if 00 [UHCI])
Subsystem: Acer Incorporated [ALI]: Unknown device 006e
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV+ VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
SERR- cache="" line="" size="" 0x10="" (64=""
bytes="" interrupt="" pin="" b="" routed=""
to="" irq="" 21="" region="" 4=""
i/o="" ports="" at="" 1c40="" [size="32]"
capabilities="">
root="">

0000:00:10.2 USB Controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (rev 80) (prog-if 00 [UHCI])
Subsystem: Acer Incorporated [ALI]: Unknown device 006e
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV+ VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
SERR-
cache="" line="" size="" 0x10="" (64=""
bytes="" interrupt="" pin="" c="" routed=""
to="" irq="" 21="" region="" 4=""
i/o="" ports="" at="" 1c60="" [size="32]"
capabilities="">
root="">

0000:00:10.3 USB Controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. USB 2.0 (rev 82) (prog-if 20 [EHCI])
Subsystem: Acer Incorporated [ALI]: Unknown device 006e
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV+ VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
SERR-
cache="" line="" size="" 0x10="" (64=""
bytes="" interrupt="" pin="" d="" routed=""
to="" irq="" 21="" region="" 0=""
memory="" at="" c0006400="" (32-bit=""
non-prefetchable="" [size="256]" capabilities="">
only="" to="" root="">

0000:00:11.0 ISA bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8235 ISA Bridge
Subsystem: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8235 ISA Bridge
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping+ SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
SERR-
capabilities="">
root="">

0000:00:11.1 IDE interface: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82C586A/B/VT82C686/A/B/VT823x/A/C PIPC Bus Master IDE (rev 06) (prog-if 8a [Master SecP PriP])
Subsystem: Acer Incorporated [ALI]: Unknown device 006e
Control: I/O+ Mem- BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B+ ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
="">SERR-
interrupt="" pin="" a="" routed="" to=""
irq="" 0="" region="" 4="" i/o=""
ports="" at="" 1c80="" [size="16]"
capabilities="">
root="">

0000:00:11.5 Multimedia audio controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8233/A/8235/8237 AC97 Audio Controller (rev 50)
Subsystem: Acer Incorporated [ALI]: Unknown device 0046
Control: I/O+ Mem- BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
SERR-
c="" routed="" to="" irq="" 22=""
region="" 0="" i/o="" ports="" at=""
1000="" [size="256]" capabilities="">
only="" to="" root="">

0000:00:11.6 Communication controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. Intel 537 [AC97 Modem] (rev 80)
Subsystem: Acer Incorporated [ALI]: Unknown device 0046
Control: I/O+ Mem- BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
SERR-
c="" routed="" to="" irq="" 22=""
region="" 0="" i/o="" ports="" at=""
1400="" [size="256]" capabilities="">
only="" to="" root="">

0000:00:12.0 Ethernet controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT6102 [Rhine-II] (rev 74)
Subsystem: Acer Incorporated [ALI]: Unknown device 006e
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV+ VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
SERR-
(750ns="" min="" 2000ns="" max="" cache=""
line="" size="" 0x10="" (64="" bytes=""
interrupt="" pin="" a="" routed="" to=""
irq="" 23="" 0="" i/o="" ports=""
1800="" region="" 1="" memory="" at=""
c0006800="" (32-bit="" non-prefetchable=""
[size="256]" capabilities="">
to="" root="">

0000:00:18.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 NorthBridge
Control: I/O- Mem- BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort-
SERR-

only="" to="" root="">

0000:00:18.1 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 NorthBridge
Control: I/O- Mem- BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B-
Status: Cap- 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort-
SERR-
host="" bridge="" advanced="" micro=""
devices="" [amd="" k8="" northbridge=""
control="" i/o="" mem="" busmaster=""
speccycle="" memwinv="" vgasnoop="" stepping=""
serr="" status="" cap="" 66mhz="" udf=""
fastb2b="" parerr="" devsel="fast">TAbort-
SERR-
host="" bridge="" advanced="" micro=""
devices="" [amd="" k8="" northbridge=""
control="" i/o="" mem="" busmaster=""
speccycle="" memwinv="" vgasnoop="" stepping=""
serr="" status="" cap="" 66mhz="" udf=""
fastb2b="" parerr="" devsel="fast">TAbort-
SERR-
vga="" compatible="" controller="" nvidia=""
corporation="" nv34m="" [geforce="" fx=""
go="" 5200="" (rev="" a1="" (prog-if=""
00="" [vga="" subsystem="" acer=""
incorporated="" [ali="" unknown="" device=""
006e="" control="" i/o="" mem=""
busmaster="" speccycle="" memwinv="" vgasnoop=""
stepping="" serr="" status="" cap=""
66mhz="" udf="" fastb2b="" parerr=""
devsel="medium">TAbort- SERR-
latency="" 248="" (1250ns="" min=""
250ns="" max="" interrupt="" pin="" a=""
routed="" to="" irq="" 16="" 0=""
c1000000="" non-prefetchable="" region="" 1=""
memory="" at="" e0000000="" (32-bit=""
prefetchable="" [size="16M]" capabilities="">
only="" to="" root="">
nahoru
  1. Zařízení připojeno na USB (lsusb -v = více info)

~$ sudo lsusb
Bus 004 Device 001: ID 0000:0000
Bus 003 Device 001: ID 0000:0000
Bus 002 Device 001: ID 0000:0000
Bus 001 Device 003: ID 045e:0040 Microsoft Corp. Wheel Mouse Optical
Bus 001 Device 001: ID 0000:0000
nahoru
  1. Jaké moduly potřebujeme mít nahrané pro právě připojené zařízení v USB

001 a 003 jsou čísla , dle výpisu lsusb
jablko@ubuntu:~$ usbmodules --device /proc/bus/usb/001/003
usbhid
usbmouse
nahoru
  1. Informace z pomocí programu "hwinfo" (nástroj je v repositorech)


jablko@ubuntu:~$ hwinfo --short
cpu:
Mobile AMD Sempron(tm) Processor 3000+, 800 MHz
keyboard:
/dev/input/event0 AT Translated Set 2 keyboard
mouse:
/dev/input/ts0 Microsoft Wheel Mouse Optical
/dev/input/mice SynPS/2 Synaptics TouchPad
graphics card:
Acer Incorporated [ALI] GeForce FX Go5200
sound:
Acer Incorporated [ALI] VT8233/A/8235 AC97 Audio Controller
storage:
Acer Incorporated [ALI] VT82C586A/B/VT82C686/A/B/VT8233/A/C/VT8235 PIPC Bus Master IDE
network:
AMBIT Microsystem Ethernet controller
Acer Incorporated [ALI] VT6102 [Rhine-II]
modem:
/dev/ttySL0 Acer Incorporated [ALI] Intel 537 [AC97 Modem]
network interface:
eth0 Ethernet network interface
lo Loopback network interface
sit0 Network Interface
wlan0 WLAN network interface
disk:
/dev/hda IC25N060ATMR04-0
partition:
/dev/hda1 Partition
/dev/hda2 Partition
/dev/hda3 Partition
/dev/hda5 Partition
/dev/hda6 Partition
/dev/hda7 Partition
/dev/hda8 Partition
/dev/hda9 Partition
cdrom:
/dev/hdc Slimtype DVDRW SOSW-852S
usb controller:
Acer Incorporated [ALI] USB
Acer Incorporated [ALI] USB
Acer Incorporated [ALI] USB
Acer Incorporated [ALI] USB 2.0
bios:
BIOS
bridge:
Acer Incorporated [ALI] Host bridge
VIA Host bridge
VIA Host bridge
VIA Host bridge
VIA Host bridge
VIA Host bridge
VIA PCI bridge
Acer Incorporated [ALI] CardBus bridge
Acer Incorporated [ALI] CardBus bridge
VIA VT8235 ISA Bridge
AMD K8 NorthBridge
AMD K8 NorthBridge
AMD K8 NorthBridge
AMD K8 NorthBridge
hub:
Linux 2.6.12-10-386 uhci_hcd VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller
Linux 2.6.12-10-386 uhci_hcd VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (#2)
Linux 2.6.12-10-386 uhci_hcd VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (#3)
Linux 2.6.12-10-386 ehci_hcd VIA Technologies, Inc. USB 2.0
memory:
Main Memory
firewire controller:
Acer Incorporated [ALI] FireWire (IEEE 1394)
unknown:
FPU
DMA controller
PIC
Timer
RTC
Keyboard controller
/dev/lp0 Parallel controller
PnP Unclassified device
PnP Unclassified device
PnP Unclassified device
PnP Unclassified device
PnP Unclassified device
PnP Unclassified device
Unclassified device
PnP Unclassified device
PnP Unclassified device
Unclassified device
Serial controller
nahoru
  1. Další nástroj se jmenuje "lshw" (graficky - lshw-gtk)

Bez parametru -short je výpis mnohem podrobnější
~$ lshw -short
WARNING: you should run this program as super-user.
H/W path Device Class Description
==========================================================
system Computer
/0 bus Motherboard
/0/0 memory System memory
/0/1 processor Mobile AMD Sempron(tm) Processor 3000+
/0/1/0 memory L1 cache
/0/1/1 memory L2 cache
/0/d0000000 bridge VIA Technologies, Inc.
/0/d0000000/1 bridge VT8237 PCI bridge [K8T800/K8T890 South]
/0/d0000000/1/0 display NV34M [GeForce FX Go5200]
/0/d0000000/a wlan0 network [AirConn] INPROCOMM IPN 2220 Wireless LAN Adapter (rev 01)
/0/d0000000/b bridge PCI7420 CardBus Controller
/0/d0000000/b.1 bridge PCI7420 CardBus Controller
/0/d0000000/b.2 bus PCI7x20 1394a-2000 OHCI Two-Port PHY/Link-Layer Controller
/0/d0000000/10 bus VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller
/0/d0000000/10/1 usb1 bus VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller
/0/d0000000/10/1/1 input Microsoft 3-Button Mouse with IntelliEye(TM)
/0/d0000000/10.1 bus VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller
/0/d0000000/10.1/1 usb2 bus VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (#2)
/0/d0000000/10.2 bus VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller
/0/d0000000/10.2/1 usb3 bus VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (#3)
/0/d0000000/10.3 bus USB 2.0
/0/d0000000/10.3/1 usb4 bus VIA Technologies, Inc. USB 2.0
/0/d0000000/11 bridge VT8235 ISA Bridge
/0/d0000000/11.1 storage VT82C586A/B/VT82C686/A/B/VT823x/A/C PIPC Bus Master IDE
/0/d0000000/11.1/0 ide0 bus IDE Channel 0
/0/d0000000/11.1/0/0 /dev/hda disk IC25N060ATMR04-0
/0/d0000000/11.1/1 ide1 bus IDE Channel 1
/0/d0000000/11.1/1/0 /dev/hdc disk Slimtype DVDRW SOSW-852S
/0/d0000000/11.5 multimedia VT8233/A/8235/8237 AC97 Audio Controller
/0/d0000000/11.6 communication AC'97 Modem Controller
/0/d0000000/12 eth0 network VT6102 [Rhine-II]
/0/100 bridge K8M800 Host Bridge
/0/101 bridge K8M800 Host Bridge
/0/102 bridge K8M800 Host Bridge
/0/103 bridge K8M800 Host Bridge
/0/104 bridge K8M800 Host Bridge
/0/105 bridge K8 [Athlon64/Opteron] HyperTransport Technology Configuration
/0/106 bridge K8 [Athlon64/Opteron] Address Map
/0/107 bridge K8 [Athlon64/Opteron] DRAM Controller
/0/108 bridge K8 [Athlon64/Opteron] Miscellaneous Control
nahoru
  1. Informace o BIOSU pomocí nástroje "dmidecode", který taky poskytuje "biosdecode"

Zkrácený výpis dmidecode
jablko@ubuntu:~$ sudo dmidecode
# dmidecode 2.6
SMBIOS 2.3 present.
42 structures occupying 1071 bytes.
Table at 0x000D8010.
Handle 0x0000
DMI type 0, 20 bytes.
BIOS Information
Vendor: Phoenix
Version: V1.09
Release Date: 10/26/2004
Address: 0xE43C0
Runtime Size: 113728 bytes
ROM Size: 512 kB
Characteristics:
ISA is supported
PCI is supported
PC Card (PCMCIA) is supported
PNP is supported
APM is supported
BIOS is upgradeable
BIOS shadowing is allowed
ESCD support is available
USB legacy is supported
Smart battery is supported
BIOS boot specification is supported
Handle 0x0001
DMI type 1, 25 bytes.
System Information
Manufacturer: Acer
Product Name: Aspire 1360
Version: -1
Serial Number: LXA3805048449C018BM000
UUID: 94845760-4262-11D9-B50B-F14260A1B5A7
Wake-up Type: Power Switch
Handle 0x0002
DMI type 2, 8 bytes.
Base Board Information
Manufacturer: Acer
Product Name: Aspire 1360
Version: Rev.A
Serial Number: LXA3805048449C018BM000
Handle 0x0003
DMI type 3, 17 bytes.
Chassis Information
Manufacturer: N/A
Type: Other
Lock: Not Present
Version: N/A
Serial Number: None
Asset Tag:
Boot-up State: Safe
Power Supply State: Safe
Thermal State: Safe
Security Status: None
OEM Information: 0x00001234
Handle 0x0004
DMI type 4, 32 bytes.
Processor Information
Socket Designation: Socket 754
Type: Central Processor
Family: Athlon XP
Manufacturer: AMD
ID: 82 0F 00 00 FF FB 8B 07
Signature: Extended Family 0, Model 8, Stepping 2
Flags:
FPU (Floating-point unit on-chip)
VME (Virtual mode extension)
DE (Debugging extension)
PSE (Page size extension)
TSC (Time stamp counter)
MSR (Model specific registers)
PAE (Physical address extension)
MCE (Machine check exception)
CX8 (CMPXCHG8 instruction supported)
APIC (On-chip APIC hardware supported)
SEP (Fast system call)
MTRR (Memory type range registers)
PGE (Page global enable)
MCA (Machine check architecture)
CMOV (Conditional move instruction supported)
PAT (Page attribute table)
PSE-36 (36-bit page size extension)
CLFSH (CLFLUSH instruction supported)
MMX (MMX technology supported)
FXSR (Fast floating-point save and restore)
SSE (Streaming SIMD extensions)
SSE2 (Streaming SIMD extensions 2)
Version: C0
Voltage: 3.3 V
External Clock: 800 MHz
Max Speed: 2500 MHz
Current Speed: 1800 MHz
Status: Populated, Enabled
Upgrade: Socket 754
L1 Cache Handle: 0x0008
L2 Cache Handle: 0x0009
L3 Cache Handle: Not Provided
Handle 0x0005
DMI type 5, 20 bytes.
Memory Controller Information
Error Detecting Method: 64-bit ECC
Error Correcting Capabilities:
Other
Supported Interleave: Two-way Interleave
Current Interleave: Two-way Interleave
Maximum Memory Module Size: 2048 MB
Maximum Total Memory Size: 4096 MB
Supported Speeds:
70 ns
60 ns
Supported Memory Types:
Standard
DIMM
SDRAM
Memory Module Voltage: 3.3 V
Associated Memory Slots: 2
0x0001
0x0002
Enabled Error Correcting Capabilities:
None
Handle 0x0006
DMI type 6, 12 bytes.
Memory Module Information
Socket Designation: DIMM 1
Bank Connections: 0 1
Current Speed: 60 ns
Type: DIMM SDRAM
Installed Size: 256 MB (Double-bank Connection)
Enabled Size: 256 MB (Double-bank Connection)
Error Status: OK
Handle 0x0007
DMI type 6, 12 bytes.
Memory Module Information
Socket Designation: DIMM 2
Bank Connections: 2 3
Current Speed: 60 ns
Type: DIMM SDRAM
Installed Size: 256 MB (Double-bank Connection)
Enabled Size: 256 MB (Double-bank Connection)
Error Status: OK
Handle 0x0008
DMI type 7, 19 bytes.
Cache Information
Socket Designation: L1 Cache
Configuration: Enabled, Socketed, Level 1
Operational Mode: Write Back
Location: Internal
Installed Size: 64 KB
Maximum Size: 64 KB
Supported SRAM Types:
Burst
Pipeline Burst
Asynchronous
Installed SRAM Type: Asynchronous
Speed: Unknown
Error Correction Type: Unknown
System Type: Unknown
Associativity: Unknown
Handle 0x0009
DMI type 7, 19 bytes.
Cache Information
Socket Designation: L2 Cache
Configuration: Enabled, Socketed, Level 2
Operational Mode: Write Through
Location: External
Installed Size: 128 KB
Maximum Size: 1024 KB
Supported SRAM Types:
Burst
Pipeline Burst
Synchronous
Installed SRAM Type: Synchronous
Speed: Unknown
Error Correction Type: Unknown
System Type: Unknown
Associativity: Unknown
Handle 0x000A
DMI type 8, 9 bytes.
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: Primary IDE
Internal Connector Type: On Board IDE
External Reference Designator: Not Specified
External Connector Type: None
Port Type: Other
Handle 0x000B
DMI type 8, 9 bytes.
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: Secondary IDE
Internal Connector Type: On Board IDE
External Reference Designator: Not Specified
External Connector Type: None
Port Type: Other
Handle 0x000C
DMI type 8, 9 bytes.
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: FLOPPY
Internal Connector Type: On Board Floppy
External Reference Designator: Not Specified
External Connector Type: None
Port Type: Other
Handle 0x000D
DMI type 8, 9 bytes.
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: Not Specified
Internal Connector Type: None
External Reference Designator: COM1
External Connector Type: DB-9 male
Port Type: Serial Port XT/AT Compatible
Handle 0x000E
DMI type 8, 9 bytes.
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: Not Specified
Internal Connector Type: None
External Reference Designator: COM2
External Connector Type: DB-9 male
Port Type: Serial Port XT/AT Compatible
Handle 0x000F
DMI type 8, 9 bytes.
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: Not Specified
Internal Connector Type: None
External Reference Designator: Printer
External Connector Type: DB-25 female
Port Type: Parallel Port ECP/EPP
Handle 0x0010
DMI type 8, 9 bytes.
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: Not Specified
Internal Connector Type: None
External Reference Designator: KBD
External Connector Type: PS/2
Port Type: Keyboard Port
Handle 0x0011
DMI type 8, 9 bytes.
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: Not Specified
Internal Connector Type: None
External Reference Designator: Mouse
External Connector Type: PS/2
Port Type: Mouse Port
Handle 0x0012
DMI type 8, 9 bytes.
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: CD_IN
Internal Connector Type: On Board Sound Input From CD-ROM
External Reference Designator: Not Specified
External Connector Type: None
Port Type: Other
Handle 0x0013
DMI type 8, 9 bytes.
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: Not Specified
Internal Connector Type: None
External Reference Designator: Game Port
External Connector Type: DB-15 female
Port Type: Joystick Port
Handle 0x0014
DMI type 8, 9 bytes.
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: Not Specified
Internal Connector Type: None
External Reference Designator: MIC_IN
External Connector Type: RJ-11
Port Type: MIDI Port
Handle 0x0015
DMI type 8, 9 bytes.
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: Not Specified
Internal Connector Type: None
External Reference Designator: LINE_IN
External Connector Type: RJ-11
Port Type: MIDI Port
Handle 0x0016
DMI type 8, 9 bytes.
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: Not Specified
Internal Connector Type: None
External Reference Designator: LINE_OUT
External Connector Type: RJ-11
Port Type: MIDI Port
Handle 0x0017
DMI type 8, 9 bytes.
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: FC
Internal Connector Type: Other
External Reference Designator: Not Specified
External Connector Type: None
Port Type: MIDI Port

výpis příkazu biosdecode
jablko@ubuntu:~$ sudo biosdecode
# biosdecode 2.6
SMBIOS 2.3 present.
Structure Table Length: 1071 bytes
Structure Table Address: 0x000D8010
Number Of Structures: 42
Maximum Structure Size: 121 bytes
BIOS32 Service Directory present.
Revision: 0
Calling Interface Address: 0x000FD3D0
ACPI 1.0 present.
OEM Identifier: PTLTD
RSD Table 32-bit Address: 0x1FF73FDE
PNP BIOS 1.0 present.
Event Notification: Not Supported
Real Mode 16-bit Code Address: F000:AE57
Real Mode 16-bit Data Address: 0040:0000
16-bit Protected Mode Code Address: 0x000FAE75
16-bit Protected Mode Data Address: 0x00000400
PCI Interrupt Routing 1.0 present.
Router ID: 00:11.0
Exclusive IRQs: None
Compatible Router: 1106:0596
Slot Entry 1: ID 00:08, slot number 1
Slot Entry 2: ID 00:09, slot number 2
Slot Entry 3: ID 00:0a, slot number 3
Slot Entry 4: ID 00:0b, slot number 4
Slot Entry 5: ID 00:00, on-board
Slot Entry 6: ID 00:11, on-board
Slot Entry 7: ID 00:10, on-board
Slot Entry 8: ID 00:0a, on-board
Slot Entry 9: ID 00:12, on-board
Slot Entry 10: ID 00:0c, on-board
Slot Entry 11: ID 00:0b, on-board
Slot Entry 12: ID 00:18, on-board
Slot Entry 13: ID 00:01, on-board
Slot Entry 14: ID 00:00, on-board
Slot Entry 15: ID 01:00, slot number 1
nahoru
  1. Pro test paměti je v Ubuntu výborný nástroj "memtest86+" dostupný z nabídky v Grub-u a přímo v konzoli lze použít pro rychlý orientační test nástroj "memtester"

Zátěžový test o velikosti 20 megabajtů s nástrojem memtester
jablko@ubuntu:~$ memtest 20M -l
memtest v. 2.93.1
(C) 2000 Charles Cazabon

Original v.1 (C) 1999 Simon Kirby

Current limits:
RLIMIT_RSS 0xffffffff
RLIMIT_VMEM 0xffffffff
Raising limits...
Allocated 20971520 bytes...trying mlock...success. Starting tests...

Testing 20967424 bytes at 0xb69c9000 (4088 bytes lost to page alignment).

Run 1:
Test 1: Stuck Address: Testing...Passed.
Test 2: Random value: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 3: XOR comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 4: SUB comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 5: MUL comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 6: DIV comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 7: OR comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 8: AND comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 9: Sequential Increment: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 10: Solid Bits: Testing...Passed.
Test 11: Block Sequential: Testing...Passed.
Test 12: Checkerboard: Testing...Passed.
Test 13: Bit Spread: Testing...Passed.
Test 14: Bit Flip: Testing...Passed.
Test 15: Walking Ones: Testing...Passed.
Test 16: Walking Zeroes: Testing...Passed.
Run 1 completed in 49 seconds (0 tests showed errors).
Run 2:
Test 1: Stuck Address: Testing...Passed.
Test 2: Random value: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 3: XOR comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 4: SUB comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 5: MUL comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 6: DIV comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 7: OR comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 8: AND comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 9: Sequential Increment: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 10: Solid Bits: Testing...Passed.
Test 11: Block Sequential: Testing...Passed.
Test 12: Checkerboard: Testing...Passed.
Test 13: Bit Spread: Testing...Passed.
Test 14: Bit Flip: Testing...Passed.
Test 15: Walking Ones: Testing...Passed.
Test 16: Walking Zeroes: Testing...Passed.
Run 2 completed in 47 seconds (0 tests showed errors).
Run 3:
Test 1: Stuck Address: Testing...Passed.
Test 2: Random value: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 3: XOR comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 4: SUB comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 5: MUL comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 6: DIV comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 7: OR comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 8: AND comparison: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 9: Sequential Increment: Setting...Testing...Passed.
Test 10: Solid Bits: Setting... 26
Received signal 2 (Interrupt)
munlock'ed memory.
2 runs completed. 0 errors detected. Total runtime: 100 seconds.
nahoru


Poslední aktualizace této stránky: 02/2006